BIBLIOGRAPHY

Reports

Efficiency assessment of primary care providers: a conditional nonparametric approach

Eur J Operational Res 240:235-244. Universidad de Extremadura, Badajoz, Spain; Basque Institute for Healthcare Innovation, Sondika, Spain; Osakidetza, Basque Health Service, Erandio, Spain This paper […]

The Ontario MedsCheck Diabetes pharmacist medication review service: a descriptive analysis of service recipients between 2010-2014 using administrative claims data

Canadian Association for Population Therapeutics Conference, November 2015, Toronto, ON, Canada. A MedsCheck Diabetes (MCD) consultation is a pharmacist-led medication review service funded by the […]

Population-level costs and resource utilization of homecare for persons with Alzheimer’s disease

J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol 21:pe120. Background: The aging population in Ontario is accompanied by an increased incidence and prevalence of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Given […]

Working well – the Texas demonstration to maintain independence and employment: 18-month outcomes

Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation 34:97-106. Addiction Research Institute, Center for Social Work Research, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA Uninsured working adults with […]

Chronic conditions and co-morbidity among residents of British Columbia

Centre for Health Services and Policy Research, University of British Columbia. Centre for Health Services and Policy Research, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada […]

Using health research in policy and practice: case studies from nine countries

New York, NY, USA: Academy Health/Milbank Memorial Fund. Academy Health/Milbank Memorial Fund, New York, NY, USA As the move toward an evidence-based approach to health […]

Description, behavior, use and methodology used to measure case mix in our primary health care system: the Ambulatory Care Groups (ACGs)

Barcelona, Spain: Fundacio Salut, Empresa i Economia. Published in Spanish. Fundacio Salut, Empresa i Economia, Barcelona, Spain No abstract

Analysing performance of primary health care using the ACG case-mix system

Malmo, Sweden: Lund University (doctoral dissertation). Lund University, Malmo, Sweden The overall aim of this thesis was to analyse the importance of co-morbidity level for […]

The epidemiology and outcomes of critical illness in Manitoba

Winnipeg, MB, Canada: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy. Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, Winnipeg, MB, Canada This report was conducted at the Manitoba Centre for […]

Addition of pharmacy cost data improves performance of the Adjusted Clinical Groups predictive model for total health care costs overall and within disease specific groups

Value in Health 7:371. AdvancePCS, Hunt Valley, MD, USA OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of adding the pharmacy cost data option to the Adjusted Clinical […]

Burden of morbidity in a patient perspective – the case of sick-leave certified patients in primary care

BMC Public Health 9:157. Data on morbidity in Sweden are based on numbers of diagnoses, classified by the WHO system, the International Statistical Classification of […]

Using risk adjustment approaches in child welfare performance measurement: applications and insights from health and mental health settings

Child Youth Serv Rev 32:103-112. Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA Federal policymaking in the last decade has dramatically expanded performance measurement […]

Predicting the financial risks of seriously ill patients

Sacramento, CA, USA: California Health Care Foundation. In this paper, a Medical Productivity Index (MPI) is proposed as such a metric to capture the value […]

Empirical studies in the economics of health insurance, health, and fertility

Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University (doctoral dissertation) Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA This thesis is a collection of essays in the economics of health insurance, […]

A simple but efficient approach to the analysis of multilevel data

Health Economics Papers 2013:6. Odense, Denmark: University of Southern Denmark. University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark Much research in health economics revolves around the analysis […]

Adjusted clinical groups: a patient classification system through risk adjustment

Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica 30:308-314. Published in Spanish. Directorate of Planning, Badalona Serveis Assistencials SA, Badalona, Spain Adjusted Clinical Groups (ACG) are risk […]

The hassle of wellness: do peers and health status matter?

In: Population Association of America, eds. 2014 Annual Meeting, Population Association of America. Princeton, NJ, USA: Population Association of America. Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA […]

A data-driven approach towards patient identification for telehealth programs

2015 IEEE International Conference on Big Data :2551-2559. Robert Bosch (US), Palo Alto, CA, USA Telehealth provides an opportunity to reduce healthcare costs through remote […]

An actuarial perspective on healthcare expenditure in the last year of life

Washington, DC: International Congress of Actuaries. University of Cape Town, South Africa The aim of this paper is to highlight the key methodological considerations in […]

A hierarchical multivariate two-part model for profiling providers’ effects on health care changes

J Am Statistical Assoc 101:911-923. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA Procedures for analyzing and comparing health care providers’ effects on […]

Risk adjustment in state Medicaid programs

Health Watch :14-17, 32-34. Denver, Colorado, office of Wakely Consulting Group This article discusses some of the most important considerations in implementing risk adjustment within […]

Health-based risk adjustment: application to premium development and profiling

In: Wrightson CW, eds. Financial strategy for managed care organizations: rate setting, risk adjustment, and competitive advantage. Ann Arbor, MI, USA: Health Administration Press:165-225. Health […]

Evaluation of casemix adjustment methods for the Massachusetts Division of Medical Assistance

Massachusetts Rate Setting Commission. Final report and recommendation. Boston, MA, USA: Massachusetts Rate Setting Commission. Massachusetts Rate Setting Commission, Boston, MA, USA We investigated methods […]

How well do models work? Predicting health care costs

In: American Statistical Association, eds. Proceedings of the Section on Statistics in Epidemiology. Alexandria, VA, USA: American Statistical Association:42-49. Department of General Internal Medicine, Boston […]

A risk stratification model for adult patients with obstructive sleep apnea: development and evaluation

Toronto, ON, Canada: Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences. Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, ON, Canada STUDY HYPOTHESES: We hypothesize that the apnea-hypopneas index (AHI), […]

Studying effects of primary care physicians and patients on the trade-off between charges for primary care and specialty care using a hierarchical multivariate two-part model

Department of Biostatistics Working Paper 51. Baltimore, MD, USA: Johns Hopkins University. Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA OBJECTIVE. To examine effects of primary care […]

An incentive mechanism for using risk adjuster to reimburse health care provider

York, UK: University of York. University of York, York, UK Health care providers are almost always universally reimbursed by third party purchasers. As a result, […]

Prompt reduction in use of medications for comorbid conditions after bariatric surgery

Rockville, MD, USA: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA BACKGROUND. Bariatric surgery leads to weight loss, but it is […]

The dynamic effects of medical risk costs: evidence from quantile regression

Journal of Statistics and Management Systems 14:843-868. This paper adopted the quantile regression (QR) estimator to assess the effects of the medical utilization factors (changes […]

An economic analysis of secure messaging between patients and providers

Seattle, WA, USA: University of Washington (doctoral dissertation). University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA This dissertation presents an economic analysis of patient-provider communication through secure […]

Comorbilidad y discapacidad en pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca

Madrid, Spain: Universidad Autonoma de Madrid (doctoral dissertation). Published in Spanish. Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain INTRODUCCIÓN: La insuficiencia cardiaca (IC) es un problema […]

Thiazolidinedione use and risk of hospitalization for pneumonia in type 2 diabetes:  population based matched case-control study

F1000Research 2:145. Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University Schools of Medicine and Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA OBJECTIVE: Previous randomized clinical trials and their meta-analyses […]

A health insurance plan with wellness features

Ithaca, NY, USA: Cornell University (doctoral dissertation). Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA Employers are increasingly using wellness programs to improve health and lifestyle of employees. […]

Medi-Cal and managed care: risk, costs, and regional variation

Sacramento, CA, USA: Public Policy Institute of California. Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA; School of Public Health, University of Alabama at […]

Impact of center case volume on cardiotoxicity during adjuvant trastuzumab in breast cancer

2013 American Society of Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting. Abstract 6625. J Clin Oncol 31 (suppl; abstr 6625). University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada; St. Michael’s […]

Mesurer la morbidite chez les patients diabetiques a Montreal.

Montreal, QC, Canada: Montreal Health and Social Services Agency. Published in French. Montreal Health and Social Services Agency, Montreal, QC, Canada No abstract

The actual versus expected health care use among Healthy Kids enrollees

Gainesville, FL, USA: Institute for Child Health Policy, University of Florida. Institute for Child Health Policy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA As part of […]

Ambulatory case-mix methodologies: applications to primary care research

In: Grady M, eds. Primary care research: theory and methods. Washington, DC: USDHHS. AHCPR Pub 91-0011:75-81. Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA This paper describes […]

Differences in case mix between CHC users and non users: Washington and Missouri

MDS Associates, Laguna Research Associates. Final report to the Bureau of Primary Health Care. Wheaton, MD, USA: MDS Associates. Wheaton, MD, USA; San Francisco, CA, […]

A comparative analysis of claims-based methods of health risk assessment for commercial populations

Minneapolis, MN, USA: Milliman USA and Park Nicollet Institute Health Research Center. Milliman USA and Park Nicollet Institute Health Research Center, Minneapolis, MN, USA The […]

Effect of patient cost sharing in South Korea: ACG risk-adjusted differences in health care utilization and expenditures among National Health Insurance and Medical Aid enrollees, 2004-2005

Baltimore, MD, USA: Johns Hopkins University (doctoral dissertation). Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA Korea has experienced a period of rapid economic development and industrialization […]

Provider profiling: implementation issues within Florida MediPass

Gainesville, FL, USA: University of Florida. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA Provider profiling use epidemiological methods to compare physician practice  patterns across various dimensions […]

Using the ACG casemix system in population health management programs at Johns Hopkins

BMC Health Serv Res 9:A16. Johns Hopkins HealthCare, Glen Burnie, MD, USA   Introduction: Johns Hopkins HealthCare contracts with the US Department  of Defense (DOD) […]

Who uses exenatide for glucose control in diabetes mellitus?

A retrospective cohort study of a new therapy? Rockville, MD, USA: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA BACKGROUND: Exenatide […]

Direct costs of hip fractures among seniors in Ontario

Toronto, ON, Canada: University of Toronto (masters thesis). University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada Osteoporosis is a major public health problem resulting in substantial hip […]

Electronic patient provider communication in diabetes care

Seattle, WA, USA: University of Washington (doctoral dissertation). University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA Diabetes is a chronic illness of increasing public health importance affecting […]

Measuring health status for risk adjusting capitation payments

Hamilton, NJ, USA: Center for Health Care Strategies. Center for Health Care Strategies, Hamilton, NJ, USA In this report we describe six health status grouping […]

Asthma drug regimen optimality and health services utilization: a population-based analysis in British Columbia

Vancouver, BC, Canada: University of British Columbia (doctoral dissertation). University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada BACKGROUND: Drug therapy is the mainstay medical treatment for […]

Profils de multimorbidite et caracteristiques demographiques – patients inscrits dans les groupes de medecine de famille de Montreal (GMF)

Montreal, QC, Canada: Montreal Health and Social Services Agency. Montreal Health and Social Services Agency, Montreal, QC, Canada La coexistence de plusieurs maladies chroniques est […]

Metformin use is associated with lower cervical cancer specific mortality

Radiation Oncology 93:S10. University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada; Women’s College Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada Purpose/Objective(s): While meta-analysis has shown metformin use in diabetic patients […]

Impact of physician and center case volume on the adequacy of cardiac monitoring during adjuvant trastuzumab in breast cancer

2013 Breast Cancer Symposium. Abstract 128. J Clin Oncol 31 (suppl 26; abstr 128). University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada; St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, ON, […]

Ambulatory Care Groups as a primary care patient classification system

Cuadernos de Gestión 6:19-24. Published in Spanish. Fundació Jordi Gol i Gurina, Barcelona, Spain No abstract

Adjusted Clinical Groups – an instrument to predict resource use: a population-based healthcare management tool

Gesundheits- und Sozialpolitik 1-2:8-15. Published in German. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA Advances in information technology, electronic billing, and diagnostic […]

Applicability of predictive risk groupers to MHS data model. Deliverable 8: interim analysis of results

Reston, VA, USA: AdvanceMed Corp. AdvanceMed Corp., Reston, VA, USA AdvanceMed Corporation, a DynCorp company, is supporting the TRICARE Management Activity (TMA) and its health […]

Risk adjustment for asthma: variations by methodology and implications for providers

Working paper: Informed Purchasing Series. Hamilton, NJ, USA: Center for Health Care Strategies. Center for Health Programs Development and Management, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, […]

From theory to application: the implementation of risk adjustment for Minnesota Medicaid

Minneapolis, MN, USA: Park Nicollet Institute, Minnesota Department of Health, Minnesota Department of Human Services. Park Nicollet Institute and Minnesota Department of Health, Minneapolis, MN, […]

Impact of continuity of care and provider factors on medication adherence in patients with hypertension

Baltimore, MD, USA: Johns Hopkins University (doctoral dissertation). Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Hypertension is one of the most common […]

Understanding approaches to case-mix assessment and case-mix adjustment

JHQ Online :W5-24 – W5-29. McKesson Medical Management Group, Newton, MA. Rising healthcare costs coupled with diminishing financial  resources are stimulating changes in the organization […]

Diabetes, gender and neighbourhood ethnicity: inequalities in healthcare resource utilization

Canadian Journal of Diabetes 33:281. Provincial Health Services Authority, Vancouver, BC, Canada AIMS: Lower utilization of medical resources by immigrants are often observed in self-reported […]

Mortalidad por cualquier causa e incidencia de enfermedad cardiovascular en hipertensos con perfil tipo Anglo-Scandinavian Cardiac Outcomes Trial en un ambito poblacional espanol

Aten Primaria 42:420-430. Published in Spanish. Dirección de Planificación, Badalona Serveis Assistencials S.A., Badalona, Barcelona, Spain OBJECTIVES: Mediterranean populations are traditionally considered to be associated […]

Development of a Medical Productivity Index for health insurance beneficiaries

Insurance Markets and Companies: Analyses and Actuarial Computations 2:7-15. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA In this paper, a Medical Productivity Index (MPI) is proposed […]

Des indicateurs de qualité à l’intention des professionnels et des gestionnaires des services de première ligne

Institut national d’excellence en santé et en services sociaux (INESSS). Rapport rédigé par Marie-Dominique Beaulieu, Marie‐Pascale Pomey, Brigitte Côté, Claudio Del Grande, Monia Ghorbel, Phuong […]

Social Housing in Manitoba

Winnipeg, MB, Canada: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy. Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, Winnipeg, MB, Canada The Manitoba Centre for Health Policy (MCHP) in conjunction […]

Clinical integration of the chronic patient

Enfermeria Clnica 24:35-43. Published in Spanish. Gerencia del Servicio de Salud de Castilla-La Mancha (SESCAM), Toledo, Spain Castilla-La Mancha Health Service is developing the integration […]

Predictive validity of tools used to assess the risk of unplanned admissions: a rapid review of the evidence

York, UK: University of York. University of York, York, UK CRD has developed an evidence briefing and support service tailored to the needs of commissioners […]

Physician integrated network: a second look

Winnipeg, MB, Canada: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy. Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, Winnipeg, MB, Canada This is the second report from Manitoba Centre for […]

Putting your faith in data

Commissioning Success :34-36. No abstract. Article a PDF.

Does surgical setting or wait-time incentive improve return to work following knee surgery among injured workers?

Final report to WorkSafeBC. Vancouver, BC, Canada: University of British Columbia. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada; University Health, Toronto, ON, Canada; University of […]

The faces of Medicaid: the complexities of caring for people with chronic illnesses and disabilities

Hamilton, NJ, USA: Center for Health Care Strategies. Center for Health Care Strategies, Hamilton, NJ, USA A complex question has persisted in our minds since […]

Employer purchasing coalitions and Medicaid: experiences with risk adjustment

New York, NY, USA: Commonwealth Fund. Commonwealth Fund, New York, NY, USA Choice among health plans increases patient satisfaction with care and enables families to […]

Clinical and economic features of categories of patients in defined populations

Stockholm, Sweden: Karolinska Institute (doctoral dissertation). Department of Clinical Services, Center for Family and Community Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden This thesis addresses the use […]

Use predictive modeling to improve profitability under cap

National Health Information LLC. Capitation Rates and Data 9:61-65. National Health Information LLC, Atlanta, GA, USA Health plans and capitated provider organizations live or die […]

Health-based risk assessment: risk-adjusted payments and beyond

Washington, DC, USA: AcademyHealth. AcademyHealth, Washington, DC, USA A number of payers across the country, including Medicaid managed care programs, the Medicare+Choice program, some state […]

Cost benefit analysis of pharmaceutical care in a Medicaid population – from a budgetary perspective

J Managed Care Pharm 4:303-308. Nova Southeastern University, Ft. Lauderdale, FL, USA The objective was to evaluate the economic impact of Medicaid pharmaceutical care services […]

Comparing the value of three main diagnostic-based risk-adjustment systems (DBRAS)

Ottawa, ON, Canada: Canadian Health Services Research Foundation. Canadian Health Services Research Foundation, Ottawa, ON, Canada Diagnostic-Based Risk-Adjustment Systems (DBRAS) are now widely used in […]

Using pharmacy information in a decision support system to improve efficient delivery of primary health care

A study focusing on the Swedish national drug register. BMC Health Serv Res 0:A6. Ensolution, Stockholm, Sweden INTRODUCTION: The aim of the project was to […]

Utilización de los grupos clínicos ajustados en un centro de atención primaria español: estudio retrospectivo de base poblacional

Rev Panam Salud Publica 27:49-55. Published in Spanish. Dirección de Planificación, Badalona Serveis Assistencials, S.A., Barcelona, Spain OBJETIVOS. Evaluar los resultados de la aplicación del […]

Disparities in antipsychotic medication use

Vancouver, BC, Canada: University of British Columbia (masters thesis). University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada OBJECTIVES: To examine ethnic and income-related disparities in the […]

Pilot projects carried out in Lithuania and Latvia: quality indicators for high quality PHC performance

ImPrim Report #3. Karlskrona, Sweden: ImPrim. Klaipeda University, Klaipeda, Lithuania Quality improvement of primary health care is the topic requiring attention from all stakeholders  throughout […]

Who is in our hospitals … and why?

Winnipeg, MB, Canada: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy. Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, Winnipeg, MB, Canada This report provides a snapshot of patients in acute […]

Kronik: Datafangst fra nyt system kan anvendes både administrativt og sundhedspolitisk

Ugeskrift for Laeger 176:380-381. Published in Danish. Syddansk University, Odense, Denmark

Federal disaster declarations and denials: analyzing spatial equity in the implementation of the Stafford Act

Tampa, FL, USA: University of South Florida (doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA Federal disaster declarations are authorized by the president under […]

VG primarvard i for hallande till riksrevisionens rapport “primaryvardens styrning – efter behov eller efterfragan?”

Vanersborg, Sweden: Vastra Gotalandsregionen. Published in Swedish. Vastra Gotalandsregionen, Vanersborg, Sweden

Evaluation of the Maryland Multi-Payor Patient Centered Medical Home Program

Final report. Columbia, MD: IMPAQ International. IMPAQ International, Columbia, MD, USA; Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA; University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA The Maryland […]

Hold it – my patients are sicker! The importance of case mix adjustment to practitioner profiles in British Columbia

British Columbia Med J 43:328-333. Ministry of Health and Ministry Responsible for Seniors, Province of British Columbia; UBC Centre for Health Services & Policy Research, […]

Optimal pricing of employment-based health plans

Minneapolis, MN, USA: University of Minnesota (doctoral dissertation). University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA Employer-provided health insurance is a major component of the health care […]

Selection of Medicaid beneficiaries for chronic care management programs: overview and uses of predictive modeling

Shrewsbury, MA: Center for Health Policy and Research. Center for Health Policy and Research, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Shrewsbury, MA, USA Effective use of […]

ACGs: an ambulatory care case-mix measure. Health Quality section update

Center for Health Quality Outcomes and Economic Research. Bedford, MA, USA: CHQOER Quarterly, ENRM VA Hospital. Center for Health Quality Outcomes and Economic Research, Bedford, […]

Morbidity, service utilization and health spending in Montrealers aged 65 and older in 2005-2006: an application of the Johns Hopkins “Adjusted Clinical Group” system

Montreal, QC, Canada: Montreal Health and Social Services Agency. Published in French; also have English translation. Montreal Health and Social Services Agency, Montreal, QC, Canada […]

Risk adjustment and Medicare

New York, NY, USA: Commonwealth Fund. Division of Health Policy Research and Education, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA Almost all observers agree in principle that […]

Implementing a model for risk distribution among competing health plans

Final report. Princeton, NJ, USA: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

Health-based capitation risk adjustment in Minnesota public health care programs

Health Care Financ Rev 26:21-41. Gregory A. Gifford and Kevan R. Edwards are with the Minnesota Department of Health. David J. Knutson is with the […]

Facilitating equity and efficiency in Malaysian primary health care through the application of the ACG® case mix system

BMC Health Serv Res 9(Suppl 1):A7. Ministry of Health, Malaysia     Introduction: Malaysian health care is a parallel system with both public and private sectors. […]

Socioeconomic status and the use of medicines in the Ontario Public Drug Program

Canadian Public Policy 37:563-576. University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada Residents of Ontario aged 65 years and older are covered by a provincially funded prescription […]

El analisis de la morbilidad y comorbilidad como instrumento para facilitar la gestion clinical y organizacion de los servicios en atencion primaria

SEMG 139:441-448. Published in Spanish. Gerencia de Atencion Primaria del Area de Salud de Tenerife, Spain No abstract

Coût de l’ordonnance des médecins généralistes: une analyse sur les données de l’EPPM

Economie Publique :239-269. Published in French. Ministère des Affaires sociales et de la Santé, Paris, France Cet article examine de manière critique la possibilité de  […]

The 2013 RHA indicators atlas

Winnipeg, MB, Canada: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy. Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, Winnipeg, MB, Canada The results in this report show clearly that the […]

Paying for primary care: the factors associated with physician self-selection into payment models

Working paper no. 2014-06. Toronto, ON, Canada: Canadian Centre for Health Economics. Canadian Centre for Health Economics, Toronto, ON, Canada In this paper we use […]

Chapter 4: Effects of multimorbidity on healthcare resource use

In: Mercer SW, Salisbury C, Fortin M, ed. ABC of multimorbidity. Chichester, UK: Wiley:12-16. Haifa University, Haifa, Israel; Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA OVERVIEW […]

ACG-modell kan forutsaga vilka som blir hogkonsumenter av sjukvard

Lakartidningen: Published in Swedish. Health Department, Area Monitoring and Analysis , VästraGotaland, Sweden We describe a method, which uses already existent administrative data to identify […]

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