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Public reporting of hospital-level outcomes is increasingly common as a means to target quality improvement strategies to ensure the delivery of optimal care. Despite the rapid dissemination of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), there is a paucity of reliable case-mix adjustment models for hospital profiling in TAVR. Our objective was to develop and evaluate different models for calculating risk-standardized all-cause mortality rates (RSMRs) post-TAVR.
In this population-based study in Ontario, Canada, we identified all patients who underwent a TAVR procedure between April 1, 2012, and March 31, 2016. For each hospital, we calculated 30-day and 1-year RSMR, using 2-level hierarchical logistic regression models that accounted for patient-specific demographic and clinical characteristics, as well as the clustering of patients within the same hospital using a hospital-specific random effects. We classified each hospital into one of 3 groups: performing worse than expected, better than expected, or performing as expected, based on whether the 95% CI of the RSMR was above, below, or included the provincial average mortality rate, respectively. Our cohort consisted of 2129 TAVR procedures performed at 10 hospitals. The observed mortality was 7.0% at 30 days and 16.4% at 1 year, with a range of 4% to 10% and 8% to 22%, respectively, across hospitals. We developed case-mix adjustment models using 28 clinically relevant variables. Using 30-day and 1-year RSMR to profile each hospital, we found that all hospitals performed as expected, with 95% CI that included the provincial average.
We found no significant interhospital variation in RSMR among hospitals, suggesting that quality improvement efforts should be directed at aspects other than the variation in observed mortality.
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