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Impact of stratification on the effectiveness of a comprehensive patient‐centered strategy for multimorbid patients

Published: November 22, 2018
Category: Bibliography
Authors: Ane Fullaondo PhD, Arantzazu Arrospide PhD, Esteban de Manuel MD, Javier Mar MD PhD, Juan Ignacio Igartua PhD, Marisa Merino MD PhD, Myriam Soto‐Gordoa MSc
Country: USA
Language: English
Types: Acute care intervention, Population Health
Setting: Hospital

Abstract

Objective

The objective of this work was to assess the effectiveness of a population‐level patient‐centered intervention for multimorbid patients based on risk stratification for case finding in 2014 compared with the baseline scenario in 2012.

Data Source

Clinical and administrative databases.

Study Design

This was an observational cohort study with an intervention group and a historical control group. A propensity score by a genetic matching approach was used to minimize bias. Generalized linear models were used to analyze relationships among variables.

Data Collection

We included all eligible patients at the beginning of the year and followed them until death or until the follow‐up period concluded (end of the year). The control group (2012) totaled 3558 patients, and 4225 patients were in the intervention group (2014).

Principal Finding

A patient‐centered strategy based on risk stratification for case finding and the implementation of an integrated program based on new professional roles and an extensive infrastructure of information and communication technologies avoided 9 percent (OR: 0.91, CI: 0.86‐0.96) of hospitalizations. However, this effect was not found in nonprioritized groups whose probability of hospitalization increased (OR: 1.19, CI = 1.09‐1.30).

Conclusions

In a before‐and‐after analysis using propensity score matching, a comprehensive, patient‐centered, integrated care intervention was associated with a lower risk of hospital admission among prioritized patients, but not among patients who were not prioritized to receive the intervention.

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