An increased number of end-stage renal disease patients suffer psychosocial conditions and may experience delayed access to transplantation due to listing restrictions. However, it remains to be shown whether preexisting psychosocial conditions confer an independent risk factor of poor posttransplant outcomes.
We addressed this gap in knowledge by conducting a retrospective cohort study to investigate an independent association between the risk of death after transplant and having a diagnosis of psychosocial conditions 1 year prior to starting dialysis.
All cases of adult deceased-donor kidney transplantation performed in Ontario, Canada, between April 1, 2002, and March 31, 2013, were used. Propensity score matching was applied to adjust for potential endogenous bias of using predialysis psychosocial status to predict posttransplant mortality. Survival analysis techniques, including Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional hazards modeling, were also used.
Our results indicate a 49.4% (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.494 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.168-1.913]) increased relative risk of posttransplant death to be associated with predialysis psychosocial conditions, when other factors are held constant. The effect is significant (P = .001) and is independent of other known predictors of death including advanced age.
Findings from this study offered strong support for the development of psychosocial evaluation to screen candidates prior to transplant listing and early interventions for transplant candidates with psychosocial concerns.
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