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Health of Spanish centenarians: a cross-sectional study based on electronic health records

Published: August 19, 2019
Category: Bibliography
Authors: Alexandra Prados-Torres, Antonio Gimeno-Miguel, Beatriz Poblador-Plou, Francisca González-Rubio, Ignatios Ioakeim, Mercedes Aza-Pascual-Salcedo, Mercedes Clerencia-Sierra, Raquel Rodríguez Herrero
Country: Spain
Language: English
Types: Care Management, Population Health
Settings: Academic, Hospital

Abstract

Background

With the number of centenarians increasing exponentially in Spain, a deeper knowledge of their socio-demographic, clinical, and healthcare use characteristics is important to better understand the health profile of the very elderly.

Methods

We conducted a retrospective, cross-sectional observational study in the EpiChron Cohort (Aragón, Spain) aimed at analyzing the socio-demographic, clinical, drug use and healthcare use characteristics of 1680 centenarians during 2011–2015, using data from electronic health records and clinical-administrative databases.

Results

Spanish centenarians (79.1% women) had 101.6 years on average. Approximately 80% of centenarians suffered from multimorbidity, with an average of 4.0 chronic conditions; 50% were exposed to polypharmacy, with an average of 4.8 medications; only 6% of centenarians were free of chronic diseases and only 7% were not on medication. Centenarians presented a cardio-cerebrovascular pattern in which hypertension, heart failure, cerebrovascular disease and dementia were the most frequent conditions. Primary care was the most frequently visited healthcare level (79% of them), followed by medical specialist consultations (23%), hospitalizations (13%), and emergency service use (9%).

Conclusions

Multimorbidity is the rule rather than the exception in Spanish centenarians. Addressing medical care in the very elderly from a holistic geriatric view is critical in order to preserve their health, and avoid the negative effects of polypharmacy.

polypharmacy, multimorbidity, chronic disease, centenarians

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