Association Between Frailty, 30-day Unplanned Readmission and Mortality After Hospitalization for Heart Failure: Results From the Nationwide Readmissions Database

Published: May 22, 2023
Category: Bibliography
Authors: A Ahmed, A Saxena, J Jimenez, J Ruiz-Pelaez, M Rubens, P McGranaghan, S Chaparro, V Ramamoorthy, Z Zhang
Countries: United States
Language: English
Types: Outcomes
Settings: Hospital



This study examined how frailty in traditional risk-adjusted models could improve the predictability of unplanned 30-day readmission and mortality among heart failure patients.


This study was a retrospective analysis of Nationwide Readmissions Database data collected during the years 2010–2018. All patients ≥65 years who had a principal diagnosis of heart failure were included in the analysis. The Johns Hopkins Adjusted Clinical Groups frailty-defining diagnosis indicator was used to identify frail patients.


There was a total of 819,854 patients admitted for heart failure during the study period. Among them, 63,302 (7.7%) were frail. In the regression analysis, the risk of all-cause 30-day readmission (OR, 1.18; 95% CI, 1.14–1.22) and in-hospital mortality (OR, 1.52; 95% CI, 1.40–1.66) were higher in patients with frailty.


Inclusion of frailty in comorbidity-based risk-prediction models significantly improved the predictability of unplanned 30-day readmission and in-hospital mortality.
risk, readmission,mortality,heart failure,frailty

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