Vaccine effectiveness against laboratory-confirmed influenza hospitalizations among elderly adults during the 2010-2011 season

Published: June 20, 2013
Category: Papers
Authors: Campitelli MA, Crowcroft NS, Gubbay JB, Kwong JC, Olsha R, Peci A, Rosella LC, Turner R, Winter AL
Country: Canada
Language: null
Type: Performance Analysis
Setting: Hospital

Clin Infect Dis 57:820-827.

Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, ON, Canada

BACKGROUND: Although annual influenza immunization is recommended for adults aged ≥65 years due to the substantial burden of illness, the evidence base for this recommendation is weak. Prior observational studies that examined influenza vaccine effectiveness against nonspecific serious outcomes suffered from selection bias and the lack of laboratory confirmation for influenza infection. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the 2010-2011 seasonal influenza vaccine against laboratory-confirmed influenza hospitalizations among community-dwelling elderly adults, a serious and highly specific outcome.

METHODS: We conducted a test-negative study of community-dwelling adults aged >65 years in Ontario, Canada. Respiratory specimens collected between 1 December 2010 and 30 April 2011 from patients admitted to acute care hospitals were tested for influenza using nucleic acid amplification techniques. Influenza vaccination was ascertained from physician billing claims through linkage to health administrative datasets.

RESULTS: Receipt of the 2010-2011 seasonal influenza vaccine was associated with a 42% (95% confidence interval, 29%-53%) reduction in laboratory-confirmed influenza hospitalizations. Vaccine effectiveness estimates were consistent across age groups, by sex, and regardless of outcome severity, timing of testing, and when considering individuals vaccinated <7 or <14 days prior to admission as unvaccinated.

CONCLUSIONS: Results of this study will better inform decision making regarding influenza vaccination of elderly adults. Similar analyses are needed annually due to antigenic drift and frequent changes in influenza vaccine composition. The linkage of routinely collected laboratory testing and health administrative data represents an efficient method for estimating influenza vaccine effectiveness that complements prospective studies.

PMID: 23788243
PMCID: PMC3749748

Medications,Practice Patterns Comparison,Overall Disease Burden,Canada,Age Factors,80 and over,Cohort Studies,Gender,Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data,Logistic Models,Ontario/epidemiology

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