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Trends and determinants of prescription drug use during pregnancy and postpartum in British Columbia, 2002-2011: a population-based cohort study

Published: December 1, 2015
Category: Papers
Authors: Hanley GE, Mintzes B, Morgan S, Oberlander TF, Smolina K
Country: Canada
Language: null
Type: Population Health
Settings: Hospital, PCP

PLoS One 10:e0128312.

University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada

PURPOSE: To describe trends, patterns, and determinants of prescription drug use during pregnancy and postpartum.

METHODS: This is a retrospective, population-based study of all women who gave birth between January 2002 and 31 December 2011 in British Columbia, Canada. Study population consisted of 225,973 women who had 322,219 pregnancies. We examined administrative datasets containing person-specific information on filled prescriptions, hospitalizations, and medical services. Main outcome measures were filled prescriptions during pregnancy and postpartum. We used logistic regressions to examine associations between prescription drug use and maternal characteristics.

RESULTS: Approximately two thirds of women filled a prescription during pregnancy, increasing from 60% in 2002 to 66% in 2011. The proportion of pregnant women using medicines in all three trimesters of pregnancy increased from 20% in 2002 to 27% in 2011. Use of four or more different types of prescription drug during at least one trimester increased from 8.4% in 2002 to 11.7% in 2011. Higher BMI, smoking during pregnancy, age under 25, carrying multiples, and being diagnosed with a chronic condition all significantly increased the odds of prescription drug use during pregnancy.

CONCLUSIONS: The observed increase in the number of prescriptions and number of different drugs being dispensed suggests a trend in prescribing practices with potentially important implications for mothers, their neonates, and caregivers. Monitoring of prescribing practices and further research into the safety of most commonly prescribed medications is crucial in better understanding risks and benefits to the fetus and the mother.

PMID: 26011706
PMCID: PMC4444135

Canada,Prescription Drug Use and Expenditures,High Risk, Pregnancy,Predictive Risk Modeling

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