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papers

Individual and contextual determinants of regional variation in prescription drug use: an analysis of administrative data from British Columbia

Published: December 29, 2010
Category: Papers
Authors: Cunningham CM, Hanley GE, Morgan SG
Country: Canada
Language: null
Type: Population Health
Setting: Academic

PLoS One 5:e15883.

Centre for Health Services and Policy Research, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada

BACKGROUND: Increasing attention is being paid to variations in the use of prescription drugs because their role in health care has grown to the point where their use can be considered a proxy for health system performance. Studies have shown that prescription drug use varies across regions in the US, UK, and Canada by more than would be predicted based on age and health status alone. In this paper, we explore the determinants of variations in the use of prescription drugs, drawing on health services theories of access to care.

METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis using population-based administrative health care data for British Columbia (BC), Canada. We used logistic and hierarchical regressions to analyze the effects of individual- and area-level determinants of use of prescriptions overall and rates of purchase of prescriptions from five therapeutic categories representing a range of indications: antihypertensives, statins, acid reducing drugs, opioid drugs, and antidepressants. To indicate the relative scale of regional variations and the importance of individual- and area-level variables in explaining them, we computed standardized rates of utilization for 49 local health areas in BC.

RESULTS: We found that characteristics of individuals and the areas in which they live affect likelihood of prescription drug purchase. Individual-level factors influenced prescription drug purchases in ways generally consistent with behavioral models of health services use. Contextual variables exerted influences that differed by type of drug studied. Population health, education levels, and ethnic composition of local areas were associated with significant differences in the likelihood of purchasing medications. Relatively modest regional variations remained after both individual-level and area-level determinants were taken into account.

CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that individual- and area-level factors should be considered when studying variations in the use of prescription drugs. Some sources of such variations, including individual- and area-level socioeconomic status, warrant further investigation and possible intervention to address inequities.

PMID: 21209960

PMCID: PMC3012101

Prescription Drug Use and Expenditure,Equity Evaluation,Population Markers,Canada,Adult,British Columbia,Cohort Studies,Cross-Sectional Studies,Delivery of Health Care/economics,Economics,Medical,Gender,Health Services Accessibility,Insurance,Pharmaceutical Services/economics,Middle Aged,Regression Analysis,Substance-Related Disorders/economics

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