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Diabet Med 31:806-812.
Women’s College Research Institute, Women’s College Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada
AIMS: There is evidence to suggest that mammography rates are decreased in women with diabetes and in women of lower socio-economic status. Given the strong association between low socio-economic status and diabetes, we explored the extent to which differences in socio-economic status explain lower mammography rates in women with diabetes.
METHODS: A population-based retrospective cohort study in Ontario, Canada, of women aged 50 to 69 years with diabetes between 1999 and 2010 age matched 1:2 to women without diabetes. Main outcome measure is the likelihood of at least one screening mammogram in women with diabetes within a 36-month period, starting as of either 1 January 1999, their 50th birthday, or 2 years after diabetes diagnosis–whichever came last. Outcomes were compared with those in women without diabetes during the same period as their matched counterparts, adjusting for socio-economic status based on neighbourhood income and other demographic and clinical variables.
RESULTS: Of 504,288 women studied (188,759 with diabetes, 315,529 with no diabetes), 63.8% had a screening mammogram. Women with diabetes were significantly less likely to have a mammogram after adjustment for socio-economic status and other factors (odds ratio 0.79, 95% CI 0.78-0.80). Diabetes was associated with lower mammogram use even in women from the highest socio-economic status quintile (odds ratio 0.79, 95% CI 0.75-0.83).
CONCLUSIONS: The presence of diabetes was an independent barrier to breast cancer screening, which was not explained by differences in socio-economic status. Interventions that target patient, provider, and health system factors are needed to improve cancer screening in this population.
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