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papers

Comparison of alternative risk adjustment measures for predictive modeling: high risk patient case finding using Taiwan’s National Health Insurance claims

Published: December 20, 2010
Category: Papers
Authors: Chang HY, Lee WC, Weiner JP
Country: Taiwan
Language: null
Type: Care Management
Setting: Academic

BMC Health Serv Res 10:343.

Department of Health Policy & Management, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA

BACKGROUND: Predictive modeling presents an opportunity to contain the expansion of medical expenditures by focusing on very few people. Evaluation of how risk adjustment models perform in predictive modeling in Taiwan or Asia has been rare. The aims of this study were to evaluate the performance of different risk adjustment models (the ACG risk adjustment system and prior expenditures) in predictive modeling, using Taiwan’s National Health Insurance (NHI) claims data, and to compare characteristics of potentially high-expenditure subjects identified through different models.

METHODS: A random sample of NHI enrollees continuously enrolled in 2002 and 2003 (n = 164,562) was selected. Health status measures and total expenditures derived from 2002 NHI claims data were used to predict the possibility of becoming 2003 top users. Statistics-based indicators (C-statistics, sensitivity, & Predictive Positive Value) and characteristics of identified top groups by different models (expenditures and prevalence of manageable diseases) were presented.

RESULTS: Both diagnosis-based and prior expenditures models performed much better than the demographic model. Diagnosis-based models were better in identifying top users with manageable diseases; prior expenditures models were better in statistics-based indicators and identifying people with higher average expenditures. Prior expenditures status could correctly identify more actual top users than diagnosis-based or demographic models. The proportions of actual top users that could be identified by diagnosis-based models alone were much lower than that identified by prior expenditures status.

CONCLUSIONS: Predicted top users identified by different models have different characteristics and there is little agreement between modes regarding which groups would be potentially top users; therefore, which model to use should depend on the purpose of predictive modeling. Prior expenditures are a more powerful tool than diagnosis-based risk adjusters in terms of correctly identifying more actual high expenditures users. There is still much room left for improvement of diagnosis-based models in predictive modeling.

PMID: 21172009
PMCID: PMC3022875

Predictive Risk Modeling,United States,Taiwan,Capitation,High Risk,Case Management,Adolescent,Adult,Aged,Child,Preschool,Diagnosis-Related Groups/economics,Diagnosis-Related Groups/utilization,Gender,Government Programs/statistics & numerical data,Government Programs/utilization,Health Expenditures,Health Services Accessibility/economics,Health Services Accessibility/standards,Health Services Accessibility/statistics & numerical data,Health Status Indicators,Infant,Newborn,International Classification of Diseases,Middle Aged,National Health Programs/utilization,Predictive Value of Tests,Quality of Health Care,Utilization Review/statistics & numerical data,Vulnerable Populations

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