Arch Phys Med Rehabil 96:e18.
Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, Toronto, ON, Canada
Objective(s): To investigate determinants of change in functional outcomes during inpatient rehabilitation (IR) among hypoxic-lschemic brain injury (HIBi) patients.
Design: Population-based prospective cohort.
Setting: Ontario, Canada.
Participants: All patients aged 20 years and older with a HIBi entering IR, with an admitting HIBi diagnosis, treated for non-traumatic acquired brain injury (nTBI) from 2002 through 2012. HIBi cases were identified using International Classification of Diseases Version 10 and equivalent diagnostic codes. Admissions allocated for nTBI-specific rehabilitation were identified. Total participants: N = 291.
Interventions: N/ A.
Main Outcome Measure(s): Change in total and cognitive Functional Independence Measure (FIM) summary indices.
Results: There were 291 HIBi patients treated for nTBI with a HIBIassociated diagnosis in IR, 89% of whom had anoxic encephalopathy (ICD-10: G93. l). The majority (89%) were referred from acute care. Mean total FIM scores at admission and discharge were 80.6 (SD=29.2) and 97.5 (SD=27.9), respectively. Mean cognitive FIM scores at admission and discharge for this group were 20.8 (SD=7.3) and 24.3 (SD=7.4), respectively. Mean changes in total (16.9; SD= 15.5) and cognitive (3.51; SD=4.26) summary FIM scores were statistically significant (p< 0.001). Multivariable regression among those with anoxic encephalopathy (n=259) suggested that total FIM score increased among those aged 50-79 years (age 65-79 vs
Conclusions: That functional outcomes improved more drastically for older middle-aged patients, those living in regions of lowest SES relative to highest and those living in rural areas, suggest HIBi patients are a unique IR population, with specific care needs, warranting further inquiry.
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