Adapting the Rx-Risk-V for mortality prediction in outpatient populations

Published: August 1, 2006
Category: Bibliography > Papers
Authors: Abraham NS, El-Serag HB, Hartman C, Johnson ML, Richardson P, Tran TT
Countries: United States
Language: null
Types: Care Management
Settings: Academic, Hospital

Med Care 44:793-797.

Houston Center for Quality of Care and Utilization Studies, Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Houston, TX, USA

OBJECTIVES: We sought to operationalize, test, and validate an outpatient pharmacy-based case-mix adjuster.

METHODS: Outpatients from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) prescribed a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) or cyclooxygenase-2 selective drug during 2002 were identified. We updated and extended the Rx-Risk-V by adding 26 additional disease categories and mapping them to VA drug-class codes; derived empirical weights for each from a logistic model of 1-year mortality; adjusted for age, race and sex; and scored the weights into 1 measure of comorbidity. We compared the weighted score to the Deyo diagnosis-based comorbidity index and validated it in a national cohort of 260,321 outpatients with chronic heart failure (CHF).

RESULTS: One-year mortality among the 724,270-outpatient NSAID cohort was 1.6% (n = 11,766). Using a baseline model of age, race, and gender (c-index = 0.716), we found that the Deyo measure improved the prediction of mortality (c-index = 0.765), and the pharmacy comorbidity score further improved the prediction (c-index = 0.782), an increase of 25.8%. Using both, we found further improvement (c-index = 0.792). Among the CHF cohort, 9.7% (n = 25,251) died within 1 year. Performance of the baseline model controlling for age, race, and gender (c index = 0.620) improved with addition of the pharmacy comorbidity score (c index = 0.689), compared with the addition of the Deyo measure (c index = 0.651), an increase of 55.1%. Together, they slightly improved prediction in CHF patients (c index = 0.695).

CONCLUSIONS: The updated and extended Rx-Risk-V is useful for case-mix adjustment of mortality in an outpatient population.

PMID: 16862043

Prescription Drug Use and Expenditures,Mortality Prediction,High Risk,Co-morbidity,United States,Aged,Cohort Studies,Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors/therapeutic use,Gender,Hear Failure/drug therapy,Gender,Middle Aged,Veterans

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